Discharge Instructions for Cirrhosis of the Liver
You have been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis is a chronic liver problem that occurs when liver tissue is destroyed and replaced by scar tissue. Causes of cirrhosis include infection such as viral hepatitis, chronic alcoholism, and genetic diseases. Signs of cirrhosis may be absent or only mild at first, but they usually get progressively worse. Cirrhosis is likely to occur if you have a history of alcohol abuse. Cirrhosis can’t be cured, but it can be treated. More than 3 in 10 people people with cirrhosis are admitted back to the hospital in less than 4 weeks.
Don’t drink alcohol. If you stop drinking now, you will feel better and live longer.
Find out about local support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous in the phone book or online at www.aa.org if you have been diagnosed with alcohol abuse or dependence. People with liver disease should not drink alcohol.
If alcohol is a problem, ask your doctor about medication that can help you quit drinking.
Cut back on salt.
Limit canned, dried, packaged, and fast foods.
Don’t add salt to your food at the table.
Season foods with herbs instead of salt when you cook.
Take your medications exactly as directed.
Talk to your doctor about vitamin supplements as well as any over the counter medications.
Avoid aspirin and other blood-thinning medications.
Ask your doctor about what kind of diet you should follow. You may be asked to limit or not eat certain foods. Do not limit your protein intake.
Ask your doctor about receiving vaccinations for other viruses that can cause liver diseases.
Weigh yourself daily and keep a weight log. If you have a sudden change in weight, call your health care provider.
Discuss vitamin supplements and deficiencies with your provider .
Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff for lab tests, blood tests for liver cancer, and imaging of your liver (ultrasound every 6 months), and endoscopy to evaluate for varices.
When to call your doctor
Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:
Fatigue, weakness, or lack of appetite
Vomiting (with or without blood)
Yellowing of your skin or eyes (jaundice)
Swelling in your abdomen or legs
Black or tarry stools
Skin that bruises easily
Confusion or trouble thinking clearly